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Ancient Cyties

Documented history of Sri Lanka date back to 3rd c. B.C. when island was among the most advanced and developed nations of the pre-modern world and the set of an important historical civilization in Asia. The ruined cities of Anuradhaura, Polonnaruwa and Sigiriya extending from 3rd c. B.C. to 12c A.D. record a grandeur unsurpassed.



Sri Lanka’s first Capital, founded in the 5c B.C. according to the ancient/Sinhala chronicale Mahavamsa, was a model of planning with precincts set aside for huntsmen, scavengers, heretics as well as for foreigners. There were separate cemeteries for high and, low castes, hotels and hospitals.



Dhambulla cave temple complexes is the latest archaeological site of significant historical importance found in Dambulla, which is located within 3 kilometers of the cave temples providing evidence on presence of indigenous civilisations long before the arrival of Indian influence on the Island nation.



Sri Dalada Maligawa or The Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in the royal palace complex which houses the Relic of the tooth of Buddha. Since ancient times, the relic has played an important role in local politics because it is believed that whoever holds the relic holds the governance of the country.



It was constructed in the 12th century by Parakramabahu I. The central feature of the shrine are four images of the Buddha, which have been carved into the face of a large granite rock. The images consist of a large seated figure, another, smaller seated figure inside an artificial cavern, and standing figure and a reclining figure.



This rock fortress was built by king Kasyapa in the 5th century A.D. and was a royal citadel for more than 18 years. It is a complex of building, part royal palace, part fortified town, and water gardens on par with best in the ancient world, constitute a magnificent and unique architectural feat of the ancient Sinhalese.


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